Category Archives: Language

Simplifying English Spelling

The European Union commissioners have announced that agreement has been reached to adopt English as the preferred language for European communications, rather than German, which was the other possibility. As part of the negotiations, Her Majesty’s Government conceded that English spelling had some room for improvement and has accepted a five-year phased plan for what will be known as EuroEnglish (Euro for short).

In the first year, S will be used instead of the soft C. Sertainly, sivil servants will resieve this news with joy. Also, the hard C will be replaced with K. Not only will this klear up konfusion, but typewriters kan have one less letter.

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The Interrobang Character “‽” Was Used in a Court Opinion

Interrobang

Interrobang

The interrobang character “‽” was used in a court opinion on June 13, 2012.

The interrobang, also known as the interabang, is a nonstandard punctuation mark used in various written languages and intended to combine the functions of the question mark (also called the “interrogative point”) and the exclamation mark or exclamation point (known in printers’ and programmers’ jargon as the “bang”). The glyph is a superimposition of these two marks.

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Windows: How to Enter Unicode Characters via the Keypad

If you’ve used Windows for any length of time you’re probably familiar with entering special characters with the ALT+ method. For example, to enter “É” — Latin Capital Letter E with Acute, Unicode code point U+00C9 — you can hold down the ALT key and while continuing to hold it down, type 0201 on the numeric keypad, then release the ALT key. It doesn’t take long before you’ve memorized the characters you use frequently.

There are some problems with this method. The original PCs used CP437 (code page 437) keyboard mapping for English. When Windows came along, CP1252 (code page 1252) began to be used for keyboard mapping. If you use the ALT+ method with a three-digit code (the first digit non-zero), for example, ALT+201, you get “╔”— Box Drawings Double Down and Right, Unicode code point U+2554 — the character at CP437’s code point 201. If you add a leading zero (0) and then the number, ALT+0201, you get “É”, the character at CP1252’s code point 201. Confusing, right?

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Pangrams

Oxford dictionary defines pangram as “A sentence or verse that contains all the letters of the alphabet.” The ultimate pangram is one which is only 26 letters long.

Some examples of pangrams:

Pack my box with five dozen liquor jugs.

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.

Jackdaws love my big sphinx of quartz.

A quick movement of the enemy will jeopardize six gunboats.

Wafting zephyrs quickly vexed Jumbo.

The five boxing wizards jump quickly.

Crazy Fredericka bought many very equisite opal jewels.

Amazingly few discotheques provide jukeboxes.

Sphinx of black quartz, judge my vow!

Brawny gods just flocked up to quiz and vex him.

J.H.P. Brady gave me a black walnut box of quite a small size.

Mr. Jock, TV quiz PhD, bags few lynx. (Only 26 letters long.)

Happy Birthday!

I have high confidence in the translations in bold text.

If you can provide a better translation for any of these, please leave a comment below.

Afrikaans Gelukkige verjaarsdag!
Albanian Gëzuar ditëlindjen!
Amharic መልካም ልደት!
Arabic عيد مولد سعيد!
Armenian Ծնունդդ շնորհավոր!
Azerbaijani Ad günün mübarək!
Basque Zorionak!
or Pozik Urtebetetzea!
Belarusian З Днём Нараджэння!
Bengali শুভ জন্মদিন!
Bosnian Sretan rođendan!
Bulgarian Честит Рожден ден!
Catalan Per molts anys!
Cebuano Malipayon Birthday!
Cherokee ᎤᎵᎮᎵᏍᏗ ᏂᏣᏕᏘᏯ (Ulihelisdi nitsadetiya)
Chichewa Tsiku labwino lobadwa!
Chinese (Simplified) 生日快乐
Chinese (Traditional) 生日快樂
Corsican Felice Anniversariu!
Croatian Sretan rođendan!
Czech Všechno nejlepší k narozeninám!
Danish Tillykke med fødselsdagen!
Dutch Fijne verjaardag!
English Happy Birthday!
Esperanto Feliĉan naskiĝtagon!
Estonian Palju õnne sünnipäevaks!
Filipino Maligayang kaarawan!
Finnish Hyvää syntymäpäivää
French Bon anniversaire!
Frisian Lokkige jierdei!
Galician Feliz Aniversario!
Georgian გილოცავ დაბადების დღეს!
German Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!
Greek Χαρούμενα γενέθλια!
Gujarati જન્મદિવસ ની શુભકામના!
Haitian Creole Bòn Fèt!
Hausa Barka da ranar haihuwa!
Hawaiian Hauʻoli Lā Hānau!
Hebrew יום הולדת שמח!
Hindi जन्मदिन की शुभकामनाएं!
Hmong Zoo siab hnub yug!
Hungarian Boldog születésnapot!
Icelandic Til hamingju með afmælið!
Igbo Ezi ncheta ọmụmụ!
Indonesian Selamat ulang tahun!
Irish Lá breithe shona duit!
Italian Buon compleanno!
Japanese お誕生日おめでとうございます!
Javanese [Happy Birthday!]
Kannada ಜನ್ಮದಿನದ ಶುಭಾಶಯಗಳು!
Kazakh Туған күнің құтты болсын!
Khmer រីករាយ​ថ្ងៃ​កំណើត!
Korean 생일 축하합니다!
Kurdish (Kurmanji) Rojbûna te pîroz be
Kyrgyz Туулган кунуңуз менен куттуктайм!
Lao ສຸກ​ສັນ​ວັນ​ເກີດ!
Latin Felix natalis!
Latvian Daudz laimes dzimšanas dienā!
Lithuanian Su gimtadieniu!
Luxembourgish Alles Guddes fir de Gebuertsdag!
Macedonian Среќен роденден!
Malagasy Tratry ny tsingerintaona nahaterahana!
Malay Selamat Hari lahir!
Malayalam ജന്മദിനാശംസകൾ!
Maltese [Happy Birthday!]
Maori Birthday hari!
Marathi वाढदिवसाच्या शुभेच्छा!
Mongolian Төрсөн өдрийн мэнд!
Myanmar (Burmese) ပျော်ရွင်ဖွယ်ရာမွေးနေ့!
Navajo Baa Hózhǫ́ǫgo Nidizhchí!
or Baa Hózhǫǫgo Ninááhai!
Nepali जन्मदिनको शुभकामना!
Norwegian Gratulerer med dagen!
Pashto کلیزه دی نیکمرغه!
Persian تولدت مبارک!
Polish Wszystkiego najlepszego!
Portuguese Feliz Aniversário!
Punjabi ਜਨਮਦਿਨ ਮੁਬਾਰਕ!
Romanian La multi ani!
Russian С днем рождения!
Samoan Manuia le aso fanau!
Scots Gaelic Co-là-breith math!
Serbian Срећан рођендан!
Sesotho Letsatsi le monate la tsoalo!
Shona Bhavhadhe rinofadza!
Sindhi سالگراه مبارڪ!
Sinhala සුබ උපන්දිනයක් වේවා!
Slovak Šťastné narodeniny!
Slovenian Vse najboljše!
Somali Dhalasho Wacan!
Spanish ¡Feliz cumpleaños!
Sundanese Wilujeung tepang taun!
Swahili Siku njema ya kuzaliwa!
or Pongezi kwa siku ya kuzaliwa!
or Furaha ya siku ya kuzaliwa! (happiness for the day of being born)
Swedish Grattis på födelsedagen!
Tajik Зодрӯз муборак!
Tamil பிறந்தநாள் வாழ்த்துக்கள்!
Telugu పుట్టినరోజు శుభాకాంక్షలు!
or సంతోషంగా పుట్టినరోజు (Santōṣaṅgā puṭṭinarōju)
Thai สุขสันต์วันเกิด (S̄uk̄hs̄ạnt̒ wạn keid!)
Turkish Doğum günün kutlu olsun!
Ukrainian З Днем народження!
Urdu سالگرہ مبارک!
Uzbek Tug’ilgan kuning bilan!
Vietnamese Chúc mừng sinh nhật!
Welsh Penblwydd hapus!
Xhosa Usuku lokuzalwa olumnandi!
Yiddish מזל דיין געבורסטאָג!
Yoruba O ku ojo ibi!
Zulu Usuku olumnandi lokuzalwa!