Today in History: March 15

Every
Year
March 15 is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 291 days remaining until the end of the year.
Every
Year
The Ides of March (Roman calendar)

The Ides of March, Idus Martii or Idus Martiae in Latin, …

Every
Year
International Day Against Police Brutality (International)
44 BCE Died today: Julius Caesar (July 13, 100 BCE–March 15, 44 BCE, age 55)

Gaius Julius Caesar, /ˈɡaː.i.ʊs ˈjuː.li.ʊs ˈkae̯.sar/ in Classical Latin, was Roman general and Dictator of the Roman Republic.

Julius Caesar’s full name was Imperator Gaius Iulius Gaii filius Gaii nepos Caesar Patris Patriae (“Imperator Gaius Julius Caesar, son of Gaius, grandson of Gaius, Father of his Country”), pronounced /ɪm.pɛˈraː.tɔr ˈgaː.i.ʊs ˈjuː.li.ʊs ˈgaː.i.iː ˈfiː.li.ʊs ˈgaː.i.iː ˈnɛ.poːs ˈkae̯.sar ˈpa.trɪs ˈpa.tri.ae̯/. His official name after deification in 42 BCE was Divus Iulius (“The Divine Julius”).

270 Born today: Saint Nicholas (March 15, 270–December 6, 343, age 73)

Saint Nicholas, known as Ἅγιος Νικόλαος (Hagios Nikólaos) in Greek and Sanctus Nicolaus in Latin), is also called Nikolaos of Myra. He was an historic 4th-century Greek Bishop of Myra, in Asia Minor (modern-day Demre, Turkey). As the Bishop of Myra, he attended the First Council of Nicaea and became a signer of the Nicene Creed. Because of the many miracles attributed to his intercession, he is also known as Nikolaos the Wonderworker (Νικόλαος ὁ Θαυματουργός, Nikolaos ho Thaumaturgos).

Remembered for his role in bringing about apparent miracles and for his frequent, secret bestowal of gifts, Saint Nicholas inspired the modern Santa Claus character traditionally associated with the Christmas holiday.

Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of

  • archers
  • brewers
  • broadcasters
  • children
  • coopers (barrel makers)
  • the falsely accused
  • fishermen
  • The Hellenic Navy (naval force of Greece)
  • merchants
  • pawnbrokers
  • pharmacists
  • repentant thieves
  • sailors
  • The Duchy of (Upper) Lorraine (part of modern-day Belgium, France, Germany, and Luxembourg)
  • Greece
  • Russia
  • Aberdeen (Scotland)
  • Amsterdam (North Holland, Netherlands)
  • Bari (Italy)
  • Galway (Ireland)
  • Liverpool (England)
  • Lorraine (France)
  • Moscow (Russia)

Saint Nicholas is commemorated and revered among Anglican, Catholic, Lutheran, and Orthodox Christians. In addition, some Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, and Reformed churches have been named in honor of Saint Nicholas.

1781 Battle of Guilford Courthouse (American Revolutionary War)

1,900 British troops under General Charles Cornwallis defeated an American force of 4,400 near present-day Greensboro, North Carolina.

1939 Carpatho-Ukraine declared itself an independent republic.

Carpatho-Ukraine, Карпа́тська Украї́на (Karpats’ka Ukrayina) in Ukrainian, pronounced /kɐrˈpɑtsʲkɐ ukrɐˈjinɐ/, was an autonomous region within Czechoslovakia from late 1938 to March 15, 1939. It declared itself an independent republic on March 15, 1939, but was annexed by Hungary on March 16, 1939. The region remained under Hungarian control until the end of World War II, when it was ceded to the Soviet Union. The territory is now administered as Zakarpattia Oblast in Ukraine.

1978 Born today: Takeru Kobayashi (March 15, 1978– ) (小林尊, Kobayashi Takeru)

Kobayashi is a Japanese competitive eater, holding several records, including four Guinness Records, for eating hot dogs, meatballs, Twinkies, hamburgers, and pasta. He holds the world record for eating cow brains with 17.7 pounds of cow brains in 15 minutes.

1985 The first Internet domain name, symbolics.com, was registered.

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