Useful Characters

Originally published on January 2, 2000.
Last updated on July 25, 2016.

These are characters I find myself looking up on a regular basis.

See also Unicode Character Code Charts on the Typography page.

Miscellaneous Characters

Cut-and-Paste

2022

Unicode Information

Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
• • • 0149 BULLET
Ⓣ punctuation mark of other type
Ⓘ black small circle
Ⓧ 00B7 · middle dot
Ⓧ 2024 ․ one dot leader
Ⓧ 2219 ∙ bullet operator
Ⓧ 25D8 ◘ inverse bullet
Ⓧ 25E6 ◦ white bullet

Whitespace Characters

Cut-and-Paste

Note: The whitespace characters are displayed in light blue — like this:   — to demonstrate the width of the whitespace character.

 

0020

 

00A0

 

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

200A

200B

202F

205F

2060

 

3000



FEFF

The Ideographic Space (3000 hex, ‭12288‬ decimal) can be used on Facebook to make a blank line. Insert the character, then hit ENTER. Your blank line will be preserved.

Unicode Information

Note: The whitespace characters are displayed in light blue between square brackets — like this: ] [ — to demonstrate the width of the whitespace character.

Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
] [     SPACE
] [       0160 NO-BREAK SPACE
] [   EN QUAD
][   EM QUAD
Ⓘ mutton quad
][   EN SPACE
Ⓘ nut
Ⓝ half an em
][   EM SPACE
Ⓘ mutton
][   THREE-PER-EM SPACE
Ⓘ thick space
][   FOUR-PER-EM SPACE
Ⓘ mid space
][   SIX-PER-EM SPACE
][   FIGURE SPACE
Ⓝ this is equivalent to the digit width of fonts with fixed-width digits
][   PUNCTUATION SPACE
Ⓝ space equal to narrow punctuation of a font
][   THIN SPACE
][   HAIR SPACE
Ⓝ thinner than a thin space
Ⓝ in traditional typography, the thinnest space available
][ ​ ZERO WIDTH SPACE
Ⓝ this character is intended for invisible word separation and for line break control; it has no width, but its presence between two characters does not prevent increased letter spacing in justification
][   NARROW NO-BREAK SPACE
][     MEDIUM MATHEMATICAL SPACE
Ⓣ space character (non-zero width)
Ⓒ <compat> 0020
][ &#x2060; WORD JOINER
Ⓝ a zero width non-breaking space (only)
] [ &#12288‬; &#x3000; IDEOGRAPHIC SPACE
][ &#‭65279‬; &#xFEFF; ZERO WIDTH NO-BREAK SPACE
Ⓐ BYTE ORDER MARK

Fractions

2044

¼

00BC

½

00BD

¾

00BE

Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
&#x2044; FRACTION SLASH
= solidus (in typography)
• for composing arbitrary fractions
→ 002F / solidus
→ 2215 ∕ division slash
Ⓣ mathematical symbol
¼ &#x00BC; VULGAR FRACTION ONE QUARTER
0031 1 2044 ⁄ 0034 4
½ &#x00BD; VULGAR FRACTION ONE HALF
0031 1 2044 ⁄ 0032 2
¾ &#x00BE; VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS
0033 3 2044 ⁄ 0034 4

Superscripts

2070

¹

00B9

²

00B2

³

00B3

2074

2075

2076

2077

2078

2079

Subscripts

2080

2081

2082

2083

2084

2085

2086

2087

2088

2089

Miscellaneous

Punctuation Characters
Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
&#‭8216; &#x2018; 0145 LEFT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK
Ⓘ single turned comma quotation mark
&#8217; &#x2019; 0146 RIGHT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK
Ⓘ single comma quotation mark
&#‭8220‬; &#x201C; 0147 LEFT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK
Ⓘ double turned comma quotation mark
&#8221‬; &#x201D; 0148 RIGHT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK
Ⓘ double comma quotation mark
Ⓧ 2033 ″ double prime
Ⓧ 301E 〞 double prime quotation mark
&#8230; &#x2026; &hellip; 0133 HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS
Ⓘ three dot leader
&#8211; &#x2013; &ndash; 0150 EN DASH
&#8212; &#x2014; &mdash; 0151 EM DASH
&#‭ ddd ‬; &#x2E3A; two-em dash
¡ &#161; &iexcl; 0161 inverted exclamation mark
¿ &#191; &iquest; 0191 inverted question mark
Math and Science Characters
Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
+ &#ddd; &#x002B; PLUS SIGN
&#ddd; &#x2212; MINUS SIGN
± &#177; &#x00B1; &plusmn; PLUS-MINUS SIGN
× &#215; &times; 0215 multiplication
÷ &#247; &#x00F7; &divide; 0247 DIVISION SIGN
Ⓘ obelus
Ⓝ occasionally used as an alternate, more visually distinct version of 2212 − or 2011 ‑ in some contexts
Ⓝ historically used as a punctuation mark to denote questionable passages in manuscripts
Ⓧ 2052 ⁒ commercial minus sign
Ⓧ 2215 ∕ division slash
Ⓧ 2223 ∣ divides
Ⓧ 2236 ∶ ratio
&#ddd; &#x221A; SQUARE ROOT
Ⓘ radical sign
&#ddd; &#x221B; CUBE ROOT
&#ddd; &#x221C; FOURTH ROOT
π &#960; &pi; pi
Number Characters
Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
&#‭8304‬; &#x2070; SUPERSCRIPT ZERO
Ⓒ <super> 0030
¹ &#185; &#x00B9; &sup1; SUPERSCRIPT ONE
Ⓒ <super> 0031
² &#178; &#x00B2; &sup2; SUPERSCRIPT TWO
Ⓒ <super> 0032
³ &#179; &#x00B3; &sup3; SUPERSCRIPT THREE
Ⓒ <super> 0033
&#‭8308‬; &#x2074; SUPERSCRIPT FOUR
Ⓒ <super> 0034
&#‭8309; &#x2075; SUPERSCRIPT FIVE
Ⓒ <super> 0035
&#‭8310; &#x2076; SUPERSCRIPT SIX
Ⓒ <super> 0036
&#‭8311; &#x2077; SUPERSCRIPT SEVEN
Ⓒ <super> 0037
&#‭8312; &#x2078; SUPERSCRIPT EIGHT
Ⓒ <super> 0038
&#‭8313; &#x2079; SUPERSCRIPT NINE
Ⓒ <super> 0039
&#‭8320‬; &#x2080; SUBSCRIPT ZERO
Ⓒ <sub> 0030
&#‭8321‬; &#x2081; SUBSCRIPT ONE
Ⓒ <sub> 0031
&#‭8322; &#x2082; SUBSCRIPT TWO
Ⓒ <sub> 0032
&#‭8323; &#x2083; SUBSCRIPT THREE
Ⓒ <sub> 0033
&#‭8324; &#x2084; SUBSCRIPT FOUR
Ⓒ <sub> 0034
&#‭8325; &#x2085; SUBSCRIPT FIVE
Ⓒ <sub> 0035
&#‭8326; &#x2086; SUBSCRIPT SIX
Ⓒ <sub> 0036
&#‭8327; &#x2087; SUBSCRIPT SEVEN
Ⓒ <sub> 0037
&#‭8328‬; &#x2088; SUBSCRIPT EIGHT
Ⓒ <sub> 0038
&#‭8329; &#x2089; SUBSCRIPT NINE
Ⓒ <sub> 0039
Fraction Characters
Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
&#8260; &#x2044; &frasl; FRACTION SLASH
Ⓘ solidus (in typography)
Ⓧ 002F / solidus
Ⓧ 2215 ∕ division slash
¼ &#188; &#x00BC; &frac14; 0188 fraction 1/4
½ &#189; &#x00BD; &frac12; 0189 fraction 1/2
¾ &#190; &#x00BE; &frac34; 0190 fraction 3/4
Miscellaneous Characters
Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
© &#169; &copy; 0169 copyright
® &#174; &reg; registered trademark
&#8482; &trade; trademark
&#‭8629‬; &#x21B5; DOWNWARDS ARROW WITH CORNER LEFTWARDS
Ⓝ may indicate a carriage return or new line
&#9166; &#x23CE; RETURN SYMBOL
Ⓝ may be shown with either hollow or filled glyph
Ⓧ 2B90 ⮐ return left

Reserved Characters

Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
" &#34; &quot; 034 quotation mark
' &#39; &apos; 039 apostrophe
& &#38; &amp; 038 ampersand
< &#60; &lt; 060 less-than
> &#62; &gt; 062 greater-than

ISO 8859-1 Symbols

Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
¢ &#162; &cent; 0162 cent
£ &#163; &pound; 0163 pound
¤ &#164; &curren; 0164 currency
¦ &#166; &brvbar; 0166 broken vertical bar
§ &#167; &sect; 0167 section
ª &#170; &ordf; feminine ordinal indicator
« &#171; &laquo; angle quotation mark (left)
¬ &#172; &not; negation
° &#176; &deg; degree
µ &#181; &micro; micro
&#182; &para; paragraph
· &#183; &middot; middle dot
º &#186; &ordm; masculine ordinal indicator
» &#187; &raquo; angle quotation mark (right)

ISO 8859-1 Characters

Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
Ð &#208; &ETH; capital eth, Icelandic
Ñ &#209; &Ntilde; capital n, tilde
Þ &#222; &THORN; capital THORN, Icelandic
ß &#223; &szlig; small sharp s, German
ð &#240; &eth; small eth, Icelandic
ñ &#241; &ntilde; small n, tilde
þ &#254; &thorn; small thorn, Icelandic

Math Symbols

Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
&#8709; &empty; empty
&#8722; &minus; minus
&#8734; &infin; infinity
&#8736; &ang; angle
&#8756; &there4; therefore
&#8764; &sim; similar to
&#8773; &cong; congruent to
&#8776; &asymp; almost equal
&#8800; &ne; not equal
&#8801; &equiv; equivalent
&#8804; &le; less or equal
&#8805; &ge; greater or equal
&#8853; &oplus; circled plus
&#8855; &otimes; circled times

Greek Letters

Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
Δ &#916; &Delta; Delta
Χ &#935; &Chi; Chi
λ &#955; &lambda; lambda
μ &#956; &mu; mu

Other Entities

Glyph Dec Hex HTML Alt+ Unicode Name
ƒ &#402; &fnof; f with hook
&#8224; &dagger; dagger
&#8225; &Dagger; double dagger
&#8226; &bull; bullet
&#8240; &permil; per mille
&#8242; &prime; minutes
&#8243; &Prime; seconds
&#8249; &lsaquo; single left angle quotation
&#8250; &rsaquo; single right angle quotation
&#8592; &larr; left arrow
&#8593; &uarr; up arrow
&#8594; &rarr; right arrow
&#8595; &darr; down arrow
&#8596; &harr; left right arrow
&#8629; &crarr; carriage return arrow
&#9674; &loz; lozenge
&#9824; &spades; spade
&#9827; &clubs; club
&#9829; &hearts; heart
&#9830; &diams; diamond
&#8656; &lArr; leftwards double arrow
&#8657; &uArr; upwards double arrow
&#8658; &rArr; rightwards double arrow
&#8659; &dArr; downwards double arrow
&#8660; &hArr; left right double arrow
&#9001; &lang; left-pointing angle bracket = bra
&#9002; &rang; right-pointing angle bracket = ket

Leave a Reply