Properties of Selected Woods

Originally published on May 18, 2017.

ComNam Common name
SciNam Scientific name
Janka Janka hardness
Wt Average dried weight
SG Specific gravity (density) at 12% moisture content
Dist Distribution
Notes Notes

 

ComNam SciNam Janka Wt SG Dist Notes
Afromosia Pericopsis elata Africa Afromosia, Assamela, Baracara, Bohala, Jatobahy do igapo, Kokriki, Kokrodua, Mekoe, Mohole, Obang, Ole, Olel Pardo, Peonio, Tento
Alder Alnus
rubra
0590 lbf
(2,620 N)
28 lbs/ft3
(450 kg/m3)
0.45 North America:
Coastal Western
AKA Alder, Oregon Alder, Pacific Coast Alder, Red Alder, Western Alder, Western Red Alder.
Anigre Aningeria spp. Africa Anegre, M’boul, Aniegre, Mukali, Aningeria, Mukangu, Aningeria blanc, Muna, Aningre, N’kali, Kali, Osan, Kararo, Tanganyika nuss, Landojan, Tutu, Landosan
Aromatic Cedar Juniperus virginiana 0900 lbf (4,000 N) 33 lbs/ft3 (530 kg/m3) 0.53 North America: Eastern Aromatic Cedar,
Aromatic Red Cedar,
Eastern Red Cedar,
Juniper,
Red Cedar,
Red Juniper,
Virginia Pencil Cedar
Ash Fraxinus americana 1320 lbf (5,870 N) 42 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3) 0.67 North America: Eastern American Ash, American White Ash, Ash, Biltmore Ash, Biltmore White Ash, Fresno, White Ash
Bamboo Phyllostachys pubescens Asia/Pacific AKA Bamboo, Moso Bamboo.
Basswood Tilia americana Domestic American Basswood, American Lime, American Linden, Basswood, Beetree, Beetree Linden, Carolina Linden, Florida Basswood, Florida Linden, Limetree, Linden, Linn, White Basswood
Birch Betula alleghaniensis Domestic American Birch, Birch, Gray Birch, Silver Birch, Swamp Birch, Yellow Birch
Birds Eye Maple Acer saccharum Domestic Birds Eye Maple,
Hard Maple,
Rock Maple,
Sugar Maple
Black Palm Borassus flabellifer Asia/Pacific AKA Black Palm, Palmyra Palm, Coconut.
Bloodwood Brosimum paraense 2900 lbf (12,900 N) 66 lbs/ft3 (1,050 kg/m3) 1.05 South America: Tropical Specific Gravity (Basic) 0.90. AKA Bloodwood, Satine, Amapa Rana, Pau Rainha, Falso Pao Brasil, Conduru, Satinwood, Muirapiranga, Satine Rouge, Satine Rubane, Siton Paya, Satijnhout, Doekaliballi, Satinholz, Ferolia, Legno Satino, Palo De Oro.
Bocote Cordia elaeagnoides Latin America AKA Anacahuite, Bocote, Bois De Rose, Canalete, Cordia- Light American, Cupane, Ecuador Laurel, Laurel, Laurel De Costa, Laurel Negro, Peterebi, Salmwood, Siricote.
Brazilian Satinwood Latin America
Bubinga Guibourtia tessmannii Africa Akume, Bingbinga, Bubinga, Essingang, Kevazingo, Ovang, Waka
Canarywood Centrolobium spp. 1520 lbf (6,750 N) 52 lbs/ft3 (830 kg/m3) 0.83 South America: Panama to southern Brazil AKA Canary, Tarara Amarilla.
Cancharana Cabralea cangerana Latin America AKA Cangerana, Cajarana, Pau De Santo, Cancharana, Canxarana, Congerana, Cedro-Ra.
Carpathian Elm Ulmus procera 0810 lbf (3,620 N) 35 lbs/ft3 (565 kg/m3) 0.57 Europe: Western AKA Carpathian Elm, English Elm. English Elm is typcially called Carpathian Elm when it is in burl form.
Cedar Spanish Latin America
Chakte Viga Latin America
Chechem Latin America
Cherry (American Black) Prunus serotina Domestic American Black Cherry,
Black Cherry, Capulin, Cherry, Chisos Wild Cherry, Choke Cherry, Edwards Plateau Cherry, Escarpment Cherry, Gila Choke Cherry, Mountain Black Cherry, New England Mahogany, Plum, Rum Cherry, Southwestern Chokecherry, Whiskey Cherry, Wild Black Cherry
Chichipate Latin America
Cumaru Latin America
Curly Maple Acer rubrum Domestic Carolina Red Maple,
Curly Maple,
Flame Maple,
Fiddleback Maple.
See also Soft Maple.
Curupay Latin America
Cypress Taxodium distichum Domestic Bald Cypress, Cypress, Pond Cypress, Red Cypress, Southern Cypress, Yellow Cypress, Louisiana Red Cypress, White Cypress, Gulf Cypress, Swamp Cypress, Tidewater Red Cypress, Black Cypress, Buck Cypress, Cow Cypress
Desert Ironwood Olneya tesota 3260 lbf (14,500 N) 75 lbs/ft3 (1,210 kg/m3) 1.21 North America: Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico Desert Ironwood, Arizona Ironwood, Palo De Hierro, Tesota, Palo De Fierro, Palofierro, Sonora Ironwood
East Indian Rosewood Dalbergia latifolia 2440 lbf (10,870 N) 52 lbs/ft3 (830 kg/m3) 0.83 Asia: India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka Specific Gravity (Basic): 0.70. AKA Bombay Blackwood, East Indian Rosewood, Indian Palisandre, Indian Rosewood, Java Palisandre, Malabar, Shisham, Sitsal, Sonokeling
Ebony Diospyros spp. Africa Gaboon Ebony, African Ebony, Black Ebony, Mgiriti, Msindi, Omernowa, Kanran, Nyareti, Kukuo, Gaboon
Ebony Macassar Diospyros celebica 3220 lbf (14,140 N) 70 lbs/ft3 (1,120 kg/m3) 1.12 Asia: Southeast AKA Indian Ebony, Macassar Ebony, Camagon, Tendu, Coromandel, Temru, Calamander Wood, Tunki
English Elm Ulmus procera 0810 lbf (3,620 N) 35 lbs/ft3 (565 kg/m3) 0.57 Europe: Western AKA Carpathian Elm. English Elm. English Elm is typcially called Carpathian Elm when it is in burl form.
Eucalyptus Figured Eucalyptus obliqua Asia/Pacific AKA Messmate Stringybark, Brown-Top Stringybark
European Beech Fagus sylvatica Europe
Goncalo Alves Latin America
Granadillo Latin America
Guatambu Latin America
Hard Country Maple Acer saccharum Domestic Brown Hard Maple,
Hard Country Maple,
Hard Maple,
Hard White Maple,
Rock Maple,
Rustic Maple,
Sugar Maple,
White Maple
Hard White Maple Acer saccharum Domestic Brown Hard Maple,
Hard Country Maple,
Hard Maple,
Hard White Maple,
Rock Maple,
Rustic Maple,
Sugar Maple,
White Maple
Hickory Carya spp Domestic Shellbark Hickory, Hickory, Big Shagbark Hickory, Kingnut
Indian Ebony Diospyros melanoxylon Asia/Pacific AKA
Indian Laurel Terminalia elliptica Asia/Pacific AKA Chasemiich, Chieu Lieu, Esemi, Kil, Kung, Nargusta, Tilautaea, Indian Laurelwood
Indian Rosewood Dalbergia latifolia 2440 lbf (10,870 N) 52 lbs/ft3 (830 kg/m3) 0.83 Asia: India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia AKA Bombay Blackwood, East Indian Rosewood, Indian Palisandre, Indian Rosewood, Java Palisandre, Malabar, Shisham, Sitsal, Sonokeling
Ipe Latin America
Iroko / African Teak Chlorophora excelsa Africa African Teak, Moreira, Abang, Doussie, Mvule, Iroko, Mvuli, Kambala, Odum
Jatoba Latin America
Katalox Latin America
Koa Acacia koa Asia/Pacific AKA
Lacewood Latin America
Leopardwood Latin America
Limba Terminalia superba Africa Black Limba, Afara, Ofram, Akom, Korina, White Limba
Lovoa Lovoa trichiliodes Africa African Walnut, Alona Wood, Anamenila, Apopo, Benin Walnut, Bibolo, Bombulu, Congowood, Dibetou, Dubin biri, Embero, Eyan, Ghana walnut, Lifaki muindo, Lovoa, Lovoa Wood, Mpengwa, Nigerian Golden Walnut, Nigerian Walnut, Nivero, Noy
Machiche Latin America
Madrone Arbutus manziesii Domestic Arbuti Tree,
Coast Madrone,
Madrona,
Madrone,
Madrono,
Pacific Madrone
Mahogany African Khaya ivorensis Africa Diala iri, Akuk, Bandoro,Khaya mahogany, Benin mahogany, Ogwango, Bisselon, Senegal mahogany, Bitehi
Mahogany Genuine Latin America
Mahogany Santos Latin America
Makore / African Cherry Mimusops heckelii Africa Aganokwe, Baku, Makore
Mesquite Prosopis juliflora 2620 lbf (11,650 N) 50 lbs/ft3 (800 kg/m3) 0.80 North America: Mexico, Central and South America Argentine Mesquite,
Honey Mesquite,
Mesquite
Monkey Pod Latin America
Morado Latin America
Movingui Distemonanthus benthamianus Africa Ayan, Ayan movingui, Ayanran, Barre, Bonsamdua, Eyen, Movingui, Satinwood, Nigerian Satinwood
Padauk (African) Pterocarpus soyauxii Africa African Padauk, Mbe, Mbil, Mututi, Ngula, Bosulu
Pearwood (African) Baillonella toxisperma Africa Njabi, Adza, African pearwood, Dimpampi, Moabi, Pear Wood, Nigerian Pearwood
Peroba Latin America
Poculi Berlinia spp. Africa Ebiara, Berlinia, Poculi, Red Zebrawood
Ponderosa Pine Pinus ponderosa Domestic Ponderosa Pine, Pine, Big Pine, Bird’s-eye Pine, Knotty Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Oregon Pine, Pitch Pine, Pole Pine, Prickly Pine, Western Yellow Pine, Blackjack Pine
Poplar Liriodendron tulipifera Domestic American tulipwood, American whitewood, Canary whitewood, Canary wood, Canoe wood, Poplar, Popple, Saddletree, Tulip poplar, Tuliptree, Tulipwood, White poplar, Whitewood, Yellow poplar
Primavera Latin America
Purple Heart Latin America
Quilted Maple Acer macrophyllem Domestic Bigleaf Maple,
Broadleaf Maple,
Maple,
Oregon Maple,
Pacific Coast Maple,
Quilted Maple,
Western Maple
Red Grandis Eucalyptus Latin America
Red Marblewood Latin America
Red Oak Quercus rubra Domestic American Red Oak,
Canadian Red Oak,
Gray Oak,
Northern Red Oak,
Red Oak
Rosewood (Central American) Latin America
Rosewood. Guatemalan Latin America
Sapele Entandrophragma cylindricum Africa Aboudikroe, Penkwa, Assi, Sapele, Assie sapelli, Sapele mahogany, Lifari, Sapeli
Shedua Guibourtia arnoldiana Africa Amazique, Benge, Benzi, Bubinga, Essingang, Kevazingo, M’Penze, Mbenge, Mutenye, Olive walnut, Ovang, Waka, Mozambique
Sirari Latin America
Soft Maple Acer rubrum Domestic Carolina Red Maple, Drummond Red Maple, Maple, Red Maple, Scarlet Maple, Soft Maple, Swamp Maple, Water Maple
Sycamore Platanus occidentalis Domestic American Plain,
American Planetree,
American Sycamore,
Buttonball Tree,
Buttonwood,
Planetree,
Sycamore
Tamarind Tamarindus indica Africa Spalted Tamarind,
Tamarind
Teak Tectona grandis Asia/Pacific AKA Burma Teak, Rosawa, Djati, Sagon, Genuine Teak, Sagwan, Gia Thi, Tadi
Tropical Walnut Latin America
T’zalam Latin America
Walnut Juglans nigra 1010 lbf (4,490 N) 38 lbs/ft3 (610 kg/m3) 0.61 North America: Eastern United States American Black Walnut,
American Walnut,
Black Walnut,
Eastern Black Walnut,
Walnut
Wenge Millettia laurentii Africa Awoung, Dikela, Mibotu, Bokonge
White Oak Quercus alba 1350 lbf (5,990 N) 47 lbs/ft3 (755 kg/m3) 0.75 North America: Eastern United States Arizona Oak, Arizona White Oak, Cucharillo, Encino, Encino Negro, Oak, Roble, Roble Amarillo, Roble, Colorado, Roble Encino, Roblecito, White Oak, Stave Oak
Yellow Marblewood Latin America
Zebrawood Microberlinia brazzavillensis 1830 lbf (8.160 N) 50 lbs/ft3 (805 kg/m3) 0.81 Africa: West Africa African Zebrawood,
Allen Ele,
Zebrano,
Zebrawood,
Zingana